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What is the European Union ?

The 3rd Reich has been defeated, the allies have claimed victory once again, celebrations are visible. There however are darker storms brewing, Hitler's body was never found, The Soviet Union is increasing its sphere of influence and if this is to proliferate Europe will plunge itself back into another war. Amidst these intense conditions, peace finds a way, peace has never been a constant for Europe but it has always found a way, for the Europeans understand that at the end of the day be it the Napoleonic Wars, The Franco-Prussian Wars or even the World Wars, Europe has sown the seeds of peace and they have fruited into the wonderful bounty that is Europe (read the entire article to know how this was established).

The Origins of The Union

World War II from 1939 to 1945 saw a human and economic catastrophe that hit Europe hardest. It demonstrated the horrors of war, and also of extremism, through the Holocaust and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Once again, there was a desire to ensure it could never happen again, particularly with the war giving the world nuclear weapons.

The last time the Treaty of Versailles was imposed and it did not go well,

to ensure Germany could never threaten the peace again, its heavy industry was partly dismantled and its main coal-producing regions were detached or put under international control which would put a check.

With statements such as Winston Churchill's 1946 call for a "United States of Europe" becoming imminent, the Council of Europe was established in 1949 as the first pan-European organisation. In the year following, on 9 May 1950, the French Foreign Minister proposed a community to integrate the coal and steel industries of Europe – these being the two elements necessary to make weapons of war. This was also known as the Schuman Declaration.

Robert Schuman the then Foreign Minister of France proposed the "Coal and Steel Community" in May 1950. The idea of this was to intertwine European states economically so that war wouldn't break out.

Based on that speech, France, Italy, the Benelux countries (Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg) together with West Germany signed the Treaty of Paris creating the European Coal and Steel Community, the community also took over the area of Ruhr which was Germany's main powerhouse of energy. It gave birth to the first institutions, such as the High Authority now the European Commission and the Common Assembly the European Parliament. This ultimately turned into the modern-day body we know as the European Union.

What is the EU?

The European Union also known as the EU, is an economical and political union between 27 European Countries who together cover a majority of the continent. It, of course, has a varying level of complexities within its borders but one of the most notable points which are commonly seen is that people who hold an EU identity can freely move within the EU and can work anywhere within the EU. The EU also makes sure that the resources the union has are equally divided within member nations such as those of fish.

The EU also has 7 organs, these ensure the smooth working of the union. The 7 organs are as follows:

The European Parliament

The European Council

The European Commission

The European Central Bank

The Council

The Court of Justice of The European Union

and The Auditors Court

The EU in Recent Times

The union has found itself being highlighted in the media on multiple occasions, these were both bittersweet some memorable events in the EU's history were:

  • Brexit

  • The Greek Crisis

  • The Refugee Crisis

  • Inclusion of Turkey within the Union

  • Introduction of the Eurozone

Till Next Time,

~Aadi Sardesai


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